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Hashimotos Thyroiditis - What is it?

This disease came to awareness when Japanese physician Hashimoto Hakaru described its symptoms in 1912 in a German publication. It is called both Hashimoto's disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

Primary hypothyroidism is that condition which affects the thyroid gland directly.

The usual case of primary hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's thyroiditis (an auto-immune disease). Hashimoto's thyroiditis is also called chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis where the body's own antibodies attempt to destroy the thyroid cells.

In a large number of witnessed cases, Hashimoto's thyroiditis leads to a state of hypothyroiditis. However in a more acute stage it may cause a temporary thyrotoxic state.

The antibodies prevalent against thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin gradually destroy the follicles present in the thyroid gland. Investigating traces of these antibodies in the bloodstream can facilitate early detections of this condition. The thyroid tissue may also be invaded by leukocytes, particularly the T-lymphocyte type.

Hashimoto's thyroiditis shares symptoms of hypothyroidism and certain strains that are occurent in that of goitre as well. However these symptoms may not be specific, in that they may tend to resemble symptoms of other conditions as well and can very easily be grouped under the so called effects of aging. The symptoms nonetheless grow more pronounced as the condition heightens and are largely concurrent with a reduction in the metabolic activities of the body.

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Amongst the most common symptoms of Hashimoto's thyroiditis are that of fatigue, depression, weight gaining, an intolerance to cold and heat, insomnia, dryness of skin and hair, irregular and abnormal bowel movement, cramps in the muscles, heightened cholesterol levels and aches and pains with the possibility of swelling as well.

Some patients suffering with Hashimoto's thyroiditis might experience heightened levels of the thyroid hormone or hyperthyroidism which in this case called Hashitoxicosis. This is a stage before hypothyroidism sets in.

Daily thyroxine is the given treatment for Hashimoto's thyroiditis. This includes the adequate intake of sodium salts of thyroxine liothyronine, especially when the levels of circulating thyroxine need to be raised.

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Source: www.articlesphere.com